Bambara Groundnut is a common name for Vigna Subterranea, owned by the Fabaceae family. Bambara groundnut is often called as Bambara-bean, hog peanut, ground bean, Congo-goober or earth pea. It is a legume, which has similar looks like that of cowpeas or black-eyed peas. The seed vessel mellows underground itself.
Bambara Groundnut farming is done in the West Africa. It ranks as a chief third legume cultivated in the barren lands. It can be grown in places where other leguminous crops cannot be grown. The young seeds and mature seeds both can be consumed as a source of food. Bambara Groundnut is also very familiar, like others in the leguminous class for its nitrogen-fixation property and improving the soil fertility. It is often cultivated as an inter-crop to increase the soil fertility.